Artificial intelligence (AI), the ability of a digital computer to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experience.
Psychologists generally do not characterise human intelligence by just one trait but by the combination of many diverse abilities. Research in AI has focused chiefly on the following components of intelligence: learning, reasoning, problem solving, perception, and using language.
This seminar will examine one aspect of AI – Connectionism with reference to Machine Learning and Neural Networks.
Connectionism, or neuronlike computing, developed out of attempts to understand how the human brain works at the neural level and, in particular, how people learn and remember, of which each neuron in the brain is a simple digital processor and the brain as a whole is a form of computing machine.